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by Oleg Perzashkevich
Simonovichi before 1917
Before 1793 - Simonovichi was a private village in Rechitsa District of Minsk Province of Great Lithuanian Princedom.
1793-1917 - Simonovichi was a village in Russian Empire.
Since 1801 - Simonovichi was a private village in Bobruisk District of Minsk Province.
1840s - after the Emperor permitted Jews to live in the rural area, Jewish population appeared in Simonovichi.
In 1840s, after obtaining permission to live in rural area, some Jewish families moved their business to Simonovichi. As far as there were no Jewish community or considerable resident Jewish population in Simonovichi, there were no special Jewish objects there.
Traditional activities of local population were agriculture chopping and river transport of wood, fishing. Since early times Ptych river was the main road and trade way for local habitants.
During Russian principality the authorities did a lot to develop the region because of military and fiscal reasons mostly. First of all, old roads
After abolishing of Serfdom (the law prescribing personal dependence of peasants from their landlords) in 1861 local peasants became more active in non-agricultural sphere, and local Jews (had obtained permission to live in rural area in the early 1830s-40s) moved their businesses (mainly taverns and trinket stores), mostly from Bobruisk and Glusk, to big villages or to the regions of maximal peasant market activity. Simonovichi was such a village.
In XIX, because of development of the All-Russian Market, new types of communications appeared in the area in 1873.
Construction of the railroad and highways provoked new increase of development of local settlements. Since that time the closest railway station was in Daraganovo (
We do not know any big business enterprises in Simonovichi before 1917. But close, in the estate of local landlord there were a vodka factory and a flour mill.
In 1909 there were 129 wooden houses in Simonovichi.
General cultural information
In the end XIX - beg. XX century in Simonovichi there were:
- Orthodox church;
- post office.
Closest doctor was in Glusk (
Bobruisk District Historical Economic Summaries
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